Theory x and theory y (douglas mcgregor) douglas mcgregor in his book, the human side of enterprise published in 1960 has examined theories on behavior of individuals at work, and he has formulated two models which he calls theory x and theory y. theory x and theory y douglas mcgregor (1906 - 1964) is one of the forefathers of management theory and one of the top business thinkers of all time he was a social psychologist who became the president of antioch college. Further, details of two distinct theories, ie theory x and theory y, given by mcgregor, are explained below with the main assumptions of each theory mcgregors theory x and y in the 1960's, douglas murray mcgregor , a famous mit professor of management wrote a book named the human side of enterprise in which he analyzed the various. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and y: dation of mcgregor's theory y are the assumptions that employees are: (1) not inherently lazy, (2) capable of mc-gregor's theory y aligns with scan. Douglas mcgregor is a contemporary of abraham maslow likewise, he also contributed much to the development of the management and motivational theory he is best known for his theory x and theory y as presented in his book 'the human side of enterprise' (1960), which proposed that manager's individual assumptions about human nature and.
Douglas murray mcgregor (1906 - 1 october 1964) was an american organizational theorist and management professor at the mit sloan school of management and president of antioch college from 1948 to 1954 his 1960 book the human side of enterprise had a profound influence on education practices. Douglas mcgregor introduced us to theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise in this book, he details the characteristics of managers who deal with employees with theory x and theory y points of view and lists the qualities that contribute to both ways of thinking. Discusses the theories of author douglas mcgregor about managerial behavior models formulated to examine the behavior of people in the workplace explores a more realistic theory that will reflect ones understanding about how practicing managers regard people aspects of the theory x and theory y. Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s.
Theory x, theory y by douglas mcgregor is a motivation theory douglas mcgregor is a social psychologist and applied two sets of assumptions to the organizational structure called theory x and theory y. Theory x is based on a pessimistic view of employee motivation and behavior, while theory y is based on an optimistic view of employee motivation and behavior theory x managers believe employees. Douglas mcgregor theory x - theory y the human side of enterprise douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation theory x and theory y both of these theories begin with the premise that.
These two assumptions became known as mcgregor's theory x and theory y in this essay both of mcgregor's theories on management, theory x and theory y, will have their evolution explained with the differences between the two assumptions described and defined, as well as the relevance that both theory x and theory y have upon management in. Theory x and theory y in 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as theory x and the other is positive, so called as theory y. 1 douglas mcgregor's - theory of motivation the eminent psychologist douglas mcgregor has given his theory of motivation called theory x and theory yhe first presented his theory in a classic article titled 'the human side of enterprise.
The concept of theory x and theory y was first proposed by douglas mcgregor in his book human side of enterprise as a alternative sets assumptions about behavior and nature of people at work. In spite of the influence and originality of mcgregor's theory, there is a primary drawback of the validity, which is regarding the assumption of human nature in this theory this theory is primarily based on an analysis of human nature. Assumption of douglas mc gregor theory x and theory y 1204 words mar 18th, 2011 5 pages in the 1950s, douglas mcgregor (1906-1964), a psychologist who taught at mit and served as president of antioch college from 1948-1954, criticized both the classical and human relations schools as inadequate for the realities of the workplace. Mcgregor theory x introduction: in 1960, douglas mcgregor an american psychologist formulated a theory that has changed the path of management thinking and practice he proposed two sets of assumptions about employee's attitude and behaviour, so the manager will be in a better position to manage the workers and achieve organizational goals.
Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y biography of douglas mcgregor douglas mcgregor was born on 1906 in detroit, america in 1895, it was here that his. According to douglas mcgregor, theory x and theory y are _____ theory y assumptions read through the lesson called douglas mcgregor's motivation & management theories to learn more about.
What is theory x and y description douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist, proposed his famous theory x and theory y models in his book 'the human side of enterprise' (1960. Douglas mcgregor: theory x and theory y • maslow's student • according to maslow, all managerial philosophies are premised upon a set of assumptions about human behavior • in his book, developed theory x and y • argued that a manager's assumptions about human behavior predetermined the manager's administrative style • structure. Douglas mcgregor expressed his views of human nature in two sets of assumptions they are popularly known as 'theory x' and 'theory y' theory x stands for the set of traditional beliefs held, while theory-y stands for the set of beliefs based on researchers in behavioral science which are concerned with modern social views on the man at work.