Start studying phil 2050 - midterm - moral relativism & absolutism, phil 2050 - midterm - deontology, phil 2050 - midterm - virtue ethics, phil 2050 - midterm - utilitarianism, phil 2050 - midterm - divine command theory, phil 2050 - midterm - emotivism, phil 2050. Virtue ethics (teleological and consequential ethics): takes into account the consequences of an action reflecting well or not well on the moral agent so supports the idea that a woman seeking an abortion would not do so as the decision would not reflect well on her moral character. Relativism utilitarianism deontologism divine command theory or virtue ethics of week 1 and week 6 paper must be between 2 and 3 pages (excluding cover page, annexes, and reference page.
Intro to ethics outline • introduction • subjective relativism • cultural relativism • divine command theory • kantianism. Ethical principalists skip the theory stage of ethics and instead argue that morality stems from ethical principles morality simply consists of following ethical principles a principles approach to ethics is similar to a deontological approach to ethics, in that morality consists of following a set of standards, in this case a set of ethical. The williams group for ethics and management developed an exercise, called the ethics awareness inventory, which analyzes responses to a set of questions, and categorizes the results under four ethical perspectives: character (or virtue ethics), obligation (or deontological ethics), results (or utilitarianism), and equity (or relativism. Ethical theories ethical theories relativism subjective relativism cultural relativism ethical egoism utilitarianism act utilitarianism rule utilitarianism kantianism divine command theory social contract theory virtue ethics dr jehad al amri and dr salha al zahrani 8.
Deontological theories necessarily generate categorical imperatives (that is, duties independent of any theory of good) here, the emphasis on acts rather than (as in utilitarianism) on outcomes 2. Divine command theory gives us the basis to determine if our actions are morally correct utilitarianism allows us to weigh our options to determine the best potential outcome divine command theory. Question by comparing the divine command theory, which proposes a universalist approach based on religious rulings, with kant's categorical imperative, which proposes this same approach based on autonomy. And if we accept this second option, we have given up the divine command theory two options present themselves if the standard of morality is independent of the gods first, the standard for morality may lie beyond our comprehension, forcing us to rely on authority, revelation, or tradition to explain morality. Below you will find one of the trolley dilemma scenarios as stated by thomson, followed by a multiple choice question each answer describes a unique reaction to the dilemma, and correlates with one of the five ethical paradigms of utilitarianism, deontology, divine command theory, ethical relativism, and virtue ethics.
In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from greek δέον, deon, obligation, duty) is the normative ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whether that action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules, rather than based on the consequences of the action. Ethics the field of ethics (or moral philosophy) involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas: metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. The most common examples of normative ethical theories are utilitarianism, kantian duty-based ethics (deontology), and divine command theory, which are described later in this chapter these systems are used by individuals to make decisions when confronted with ethical dilemmas. Ethical theories include and provide a brief background of utilitarianism, kantian, social contract, divine command, natural law, and the theory of virtue in addition, research will explain the concepts of both the individual and cultural relativism after the research, a resolution will research and explain the concepts on how ethical relativism differs from the traditional ethical theories.
Divine command theory - wikipedia religion has had a strong influence over molding and shaping our culture and attitudes for centuries we have internalized values from religion such as telling the truth, respecting our parents, respecting property, mores of propriety, chastity and so on. Ethical relativism is a major category of normative ethics it simply teaches that there is no universal standard of morality it simply teaches that there is no universal standard of morality there is no act that is always right or wrong for all people at all times. Subjective ethical relativism (subjectivism) 30 divine command theory, early on in the course louis p pojman united states military academy. Cultural relativism, utilitarianism, kantianism, natural law, virtue ethics, the ethics of care, and divine command theory your answers to each of these questions should be at least one paragraph (6-7 sentences) long, and it should show some thoughtful consideration regarding the matters raised in the questions. Academiaedu is a platform for academics to share research papers.
Divine command theory what is moral for each person or religion is relative to god there are no universal moral principles binding all people no morality apart from god's will cultural relativism, divine command, and ethical subjectivism are mutually exclusive. The first ethical theory we'll consider is relativism this is a very popular theory but also deeply flawed as well and it is because of these flaws that we'll have to move beyond relativism in order to find an adequate ethical theory to base our moral judgments upon. Religious revelation (divine command) is the historically common foundation for deontological moral principles: things are right or wrong if, and only if, commanded or forbidden by god natural law or human reason may also be cited as sources.
The main types of ethical systems include ethical relativism, divine command theory, deontology, utilitarianism and virtue ethics these ethical systems stem from the study of moral philosophy and are influenced by the thought of aristotle and kant. (virtue ethics) it is an accord with a correct moral rule act and rule utilitarianism social contract theory workable ethical theories: kantianism comparing workable ethical theories: what makes an action morally right it results in an increase in the total good of the affected parties we should be law-abiding. Divine command theory is an ethical view based on theism or the belief that god exists followers of the theory accept that all moral judgment is derived from an understanding of god's character or his direct commandments.
Theories such as relativism, utilitarianism, egoism, deontology, the divine command theory, and the virtue ethics, are all products of western understanding of what ethics are and how they are. Include a brief summary of the perspective in your response: relativism, utilitarianism, deontologism, divine command theory, or virtue ethics your response should be 150 - 200 words in length submitted: 7 years ago. Deontology (or deontological ethics) is the branch of ethics in which people define what is morally right or wrong by the actions themselves, rather than referring to the consequences of those actions, or the character of the person who performs them.