Please note that there is a second part to this course the history of modern israel - part ii: challenges of israel as a sovereign state which is a direct extension. Golgotha / calvary is located just outside the damascus gate and faces the major east-west road that runs just north of old jerusalem it is precisely the type of location where the romans liked to crucify rebels so that their gruesome handiwork can scare the passing masses and deter future rebels against rome. Located in the hill country of ephraim, the city of shechem played a vital role in the history of israel this location, in the middle of the nation, provided the most important crossroads in central israel. Creation of israel, 1948 on may 14, 1948, david ben-gurion, the head of the jewish agency, proclaimed the establishment of the state of israelus president harry s truman recognized the new nation on the same day.
The state of israel was proclaimed on may 14 1948, but the arab states rejected the partition of palestine and the existence of israel the armies of iraq, syria, lebanon, trans-jordan, saudi arabia, yemen, and egypt attacked but were defeated by the israeli army. Ancient nineveh ancient manners and customs, daily life, cultures, bible lands nineveh was the famous capital of ancient assyria previous cities like asshur and calah were ancient capitals of assyria, but nineveh became most famous in the seventh century bc. Israel (/ ˈ ɪ z r i ə l, ˈ ɪ z r eɪ ə l / hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל arabic: إِسْرَائِيل ), officially the state of israel, is a country in the middle east, located on the southeastern shore of the mediterranean sea and the northern shore of the red sea. The office of website management, bureau of public affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the us state department external links to other internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.
There are times when that background cannot be ascertained, but to the extent that it can be known, the understanding of the prophet's message is enhanced amos is the first writing prophet who directs his message to israel. This, despite the fact that israel is a tiny country (about size of new jersey) without any of the world's richest resources of petroleum in arab countries today, the majority of the people in israel are the descendants of jews from arab countries. Modern israel is roughly located on the site of the ancient kingdoms of israel and judahthe area (also known as land of israel and as palestine) is the birthplace of the hebrew language, the place where the hebrew bible was composed and the birthplace of judaism and christianity. Declaration of independence of the modern state of israel was announced on the day that the last british forces left israel (may 14, 1948) arab-israeli wars a day after the declaration of independence of the state of israel, armies of five arab countries, egypt, syria, transjordan, lebanon, and iraq, invaded israel. The fledgling state of israel was faced with many challenges while fighting a war of survival with the arab states who immediately invaded the new nation, israel had to also absorb the shiploads of immigrants coming in daily to the jewish homeland.
More information about israel is available on the israel page and from other department of state publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet us-israel relations the united states was the first country to recognize israel as a state in 1948, and the first to recognize jerusalem as the capital of israel in 2017. Israel, known officially as the state of israel, is a democratic country in the middle east on the southeastern shore of the mediterranean sea lebanon is located towards the north, syria to its northeast, egypt and gaza strip on the southwest, jordan and the west bank to its east, and the gulf of aqaba in the red sea south of israel. Historical background chronology of events, 1939-1949 in 1917 chaim weizmann, scientist, statesman, and zionist, persuaded the british government to issue a statement favoring the establishment of a jewish national home in palestine. King david established jerusalem as israel's capital over 3,000 years ago king david is one of the most important figures in jewish history born in 907 bce, he reigns as king of israel for 40 years, dying at age 70 in 837 bce there is so much that can be said about him some people like to focus. Israel - history: this discussion focuses primarily on the modern state of israel for treatment of earlier history and of the country in its regional context, see palestine, history of the nation of israel is the world's first jewish state in two millennia.
Israel: background and us relations congressional research service 3 country background historical overview the quest for a modern jewish homeland can be traced to the publication of theodor herzl's the. The primary boycott — prohibiting direct relations between arab countries and israel — has slowly cracked as nations like qatar, oman and morocco have negotiated deals with israel furthermore, few countries outside the middle east continue to comply with the boycott. Archeology in israel involves the systematic investigation of all the remains of the country's past - from prehistory to the end of ottoman rule the profusion of material remains is evidence of the many cultures that have left their imprint on the land. In july 2006 hezbollah launched an operation against israel in an attempt to pressure the country into releasing lebanese prisoners, killing a number of israeli soldiers in the process and capturing two israel launched an offensive into southern lebanon to recover the captured soldiers.
Identification according to the bible, israel is the name given by god to jacob the modern country of israel includes two distinct nationalities, the palestinian and the jewish. Religious pluralism background the issue of civil and religious rights for non-orthodox jews in israel is one of the most important issues facing progressive judaism worldwide. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Another important strand in israel's cultural life is the burgeoning of a strong ethnic consciousness on the part of writers of sephardi background (jews originating in arab countries, rather than the ashkenazi or european element.
On 14 may 1948, israel proclaimed its independenceless than 24 hours later, the regular armies of egypt, jordan, syria, lebanon, and iraq invaded the country, forcing israel to defend the sovereignty it had regained in its ancestral homeland. The departure of hundreds of thousands of palestinian arabs from israel during the war left the country with a substantial jewish majority. Israel is the world's only jewish state, located just east of the mediterranean sea palestinians, the arab population that hails from the land israel now controls, refer to the territory as.